Innovative laboratory research is being conducted by our nationally recognized scientists. The general focus is to explore biomarkers for personalized medicine and to understand the biological and biomedical consequences of radiation exposure. These studies range from low-dose/low dose-rate exposure, to radiation response modifiers, to clinical radiation conditions. Machine learning and AI approaches are being explored to analyze radiation effects in large-scale animal studies and use of genomics, radiomics and clinical features to assess tumor response. Cutting-edge research is being conducted using X-ray fluorescence imaging. The department is consistently ranked in the top 20 institutions for NIH-funded research.