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Northwestern Simulation is one of the world-leading research groups in medical simulation. Learn more about our work by exploring our book and journal publications below.


MLIHPE_cover.jpg Comprehensive Healthcare Simulation: Mastery Learning in Health Professions Education (2020) is a signature achievement by the Northwestern Simulation team. The book summarizes the body of mastery learning education and research performed by Northwestern scholars over the past 15 years. The book begins with a critique of traditional clinical education including its origins, methods and uneven learning outcomes. The next section covers the mastery learning model and its operational features, including curriculum development, instruction based on deliberate practice, learner assessment, standard setting, implementation and management, feedback and faculty development. The next six chapters address mastery learning in action, case studies on mastery learning of such basic clinical skills as end-of-life communication, teamwork, surgical skills, bedside procedures, clinical emergencies and readiness for residency. A chapter on translation of mastery learning outcomes acquired in the simulation laboratory to actual patient care practices and downstream patient outcomes speaks to key aspirational goals of clinical education. The book concludes with five chapters that map “The Road Ahead” for simulation-based mastery learning: milestones and entrustable professional activities, continuing professional education, return on investment, educational policy consequences, and opportunities and challenges. Health professions educators worldwide will find this book informative, engaging and full of practical examples that show how to make mastery learning come alive in clinical settings.

Recent Journal Publications

  1. Klein MR, Loke DE, Barsuk JH, Adler MD, McGaghie WC, Salzman DH  Twelve tips for developing simulation-based mastery learning clinical skills checklists.  Med Teach  2024 Apr 26;:1-6. doi:10.1080/0142159X.2024.2345270
  2. Walter JM, Smith MM, Einstein N, Cohen ER, Wood GJ, Vermylen JH  Development of a Simulation-Based Mastery Learning Curriculum for Late Goals of Care Discussions.  J Pain Symptom Manage  2024 Mar 24;. pii:S0885-3924(24)00675-4
  3. Enke T, Keswani R, Triggs J, Gannavarapu B, Mittal C, Sinha J, Kwasny MJ, Komanduri S  Adherence to quality indicators and best practices in surveillance endoscopy of Barrett's esophagus: A video-based assessment.  Endosc Int Open  2024 Jan;12(1):E90-E96. doi:10.1055/a-2226-3689
  4. McGaghie WC, Barsuk JH, Wayne DB, Issenberg SB  Powerful medical education improves health care quality and return on investment.  Med Teach  2024 Jan;46(1):46-58. doi:10.1080/0142159X.2023.2276038
  5. Yanko FM, Rivera A, Cheon EC, Mitchell JD, Ballard HA  Patient and Technical Factors Associated with Difficult Arterial Access and Ultrasound Use in the Operating Room.  Children (Basel)  2023 Dec 24;11(1). pii:21
  6. Koenig P, Patel S, McGaghie WC  Correction: Tomographic Plane Visualization (ToPlaV): a Tool to Enhance Echocardiographic Training.  Pediatr Cardiol  2023 Oct;44(7):1634. doi:10.1007/s00246-023-03218-6
  7. Koenig P, Patel S, McGaghie WC  Tomographic Plane Visualization (ToPlaV): a Tool to Enhance Echocardiographic Training.  Pediatr Cardiol  2023 Oct;44(7):1573-1577. doi:10.1007/s00246-023-03168-z
  8. Reiter AJ, Prinz J, Li Y, Nagle AP, Hungness ES, Teitelbaum EN  Increased bleeding risk with enoxaparin venothromboembolism prophylaxis compared with heparin in patients undergoing bariatric surgery.  Surg Endosc  2023 Sep;37(9):6983-6988. doi:10.1007/s00464-023-10219-2
  9. McGaghie WC  Education for Chest Radiograph Interpretation Performance Improvement.  Chest  2023 Aug;164(2):e57. doi:10.1016/j.chest.2023.04.045
  10. Komanduri S, Sethi A, Muthusamy VR  Future Implications of Innovation in Gastroenterology for Clinical Practice: A Call to Action.  Am J Gastroenterol  2023 Aug 01;118(8):1307-1310. doi:10.14309/ajg.0000000000002194
  11. Phillips ML, Tsao M, Davis-Sandfoss A, Benzon H, Mitchell JD, Barsuk JH, Ballard HA  Use of Simulation-Based Mastery Learning Curriculum to Improve Difficult Conversation Skills Among Anesthesiologists: A Pilot Study.  J Educ Perioper Med  2023;25(3):E710. pii:E710
  12. Barsuk JH, Mitra D, Cohen ER, Wayne DB  Necessity of Pretests in Central Venous Catheter Insertion Simulation-Based Mastery Learning: A Randomized Controlled Trial.  Acad Med  2023 Jul 01;98(7):821-827. doi:10.1097/ACM.0000000000005170
  13. Komanduri S, Wani S, Muthusamy VR  Reply.  Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol  2023 Jul;21(7):1964-1965. doi:10.1016/j.cgh.2022.10.006
  14. Feinsmith SE, Amick AE, Feinglass JM, Sell J, Davis EM, Spencer TR, Koepke L, Pastoral J, Wayne DB, Barsuk JH  Performance of peripheral catheters inserted with ultrasound guidance versus landmark technique after a simulation-based mastery learning intervention.  J Vasc Access  2023 Jul;24(4):630-638. doi:10.1177/11297298211044363
  15. Banerjee G, Mitchell JD, Brzezinski M, DePorre A, Ballard HA  Burnout in Academic Physicians.  Perm J  2023 Jun 15;27(2):142-149. doi:10.7812/TPP/23.032
  16. DePorre A, Banerjee G, Mitchell JD, Brzezinski M, Ballard HA  Burnout in Medicine: Are We Asking the Right Questions?  Perm J  2023 Jun 15;27(2):123-129. doi:10.7812/TPP/23.033
  17. Reiter AJ, Farina DA, Fronza JS, Komanduri S  Magnetic sphincter augmentation: considerations for use in Barrett's esophagus.  Dis Esophagus  2023 Jun 15;36(Supplement_1). pii:doac096
  18. Triggs JR, Krogh K, Simon V, Krause A, Kaplan JB, Yang GY, Wani S, Kahrilas PJ, Pandolfino J, Komanduri S  Novel histologic score predicts recurrent intestinal metaplasia after successful endoscopic eradication therapy.  Dis Esophagus  2023 Apr 29;36(5). pii:doac078
  19. Khashab MA, Muthusamy VR, Akshintala VS, Kothari S, Sethi A, Rastogi A, Palmisano DJ, Zhang LY, Hess MR, Rashba K  et al.  Best live endoscopy practices: an ASGE white paper.  Gastrointest Endosc  2023 Mar;97(3):383-393.e3. doi:10.1016/j.gie.2022.09.012
  20. Hopkins K, Mannarino C, Adler M, Chaouki S, Forbess L, Carr M, McBride ME  Development and Implementation of a Novel Curriculum for Emergent Management of Adults with Congenital Heart Disease.  Pediatr Cardiol  2023 Mar;44(3):656-662. doi:10.1007/s00246-022-02991-0
  21. Koenig P, Patel S, Cohen ER, Hauck A, Husain N, McGaghie WC  Simulation Based Mastery Learning of Transesophageal Echocardiography.  Pediatr Cardiol  2023 Mar;44(3):572-578. doi:10.1007/s00246-022-02950-9
  22. Shah ED, Sethi A, Thaker AM, Schulman AR, Guha S, Samarasena J, Mathews S, Komanduri S  2022 American Gastroenterological Association-Center for Gastrointestinal Innovation and Technology Tech Summit.  Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol  2023 Feb;21(2):245-249. doi:10.1016/j.cgh.2022.08.045
  23. Beveridge CA, Mittal C, Muthusamy VR, Rastogi A, Kushnir V, Wood M, Wani S, Komanduri S  Identification of visible lesions during surveillance endoscopy for Barrett's esophagus: a video-based survey study.  Gastrointest Endosc  2023 Feb;97(2):241-247.e2. doi:10.1016/j.gie.2022.08.024
  24. Klein MR, Schmitz ZP, Adler MD, Salzman DH  Simulation-based Mastery Learning Improves Emergency Medicine Residents' Ability to Perform Temporary Transvenous Cardiac Pacing.  West J Emerg Med  2022 Dec 28;24(1):43-49. doi:10.5811/westjem.2022.10.57773
  25. Ballard HA, Rivera A, Tsao M, Phillips M, Robles A, Hajduk J, Feinglass J, Barsuk JH  Use of an ultrasound-guided intravenous catheter insertion simulation-based mastery learning curriculum to improve paediatric anaesthesia care.  BJA Open  2022 Dec;4:100101. pii:100101
  26. Ballard HA, Jones E, Malavazzi Clemente MM, Damian D, Kovatsis PG  Educational Review: Error traps in anesthesia for pediatric liver transplantation.  Paediatr Anaesth  2022 Dec;32(12):1285-1291. doi:10.1111/pan.14565
  27. Muthusamy VR, Wani S, Gyawali CP, Komanduri S,   AGA Clinical Practice Update on New Technology and Innovation for Surveillance and Screening in Barrett's Esophagus: Expert Review.  Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol  2022 Dec;20(12):2696-2706.e1. doi:10.1016/j.cgh.2022.06.003
  28. Harap RS, Cameron KA, Cohen ER, Grady KL, Wilcox JE, Scholtens DM, Barsuk JH  Ventricular Assist Device Self-care Education at Tertiary Care Medical Centers.  ASAIO J  2022 Nov 01;68(11):1346-1351. doi:10.1097/MAT.0000000000001673
  29. Cooper DS, Hill KD, Krishnamurthy G, Sen S, Costello JM, Lehenbauer D, Twite M, James L, Mah KE, Taylor C  et al.  Acute Cardiac Care for Neonatal Heart Disease.  Pediatrics  2022 Nov 01;150(Suppl 2). pii:e2022056415J
  30. Yuce TK, Teitelbaum EN  Preoperative Workup of Patients with Paraesophageal Hernias: Every Test for Every Patient?  J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A  2022 Nov;32(11):1156-1160. doi:10.1089/lap.2022.0403
  31. McGaghie WC, Barsuk JH, Wayne DB  Point-of-Care Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Training and Survival With Favorable Neurologic Outcome in Cardiac Arrest in Pediatric ICUs.  JAMA  2022 Aug 02;328(5):479. doi:10.1001/jama.2022.9473
  32. Bass RB, Teitelbaum EN  Novel advances in surgery for Gallstone Disease.  Curr Gastroenterol Rep  2022 Jul;24(7):89-98. doi:10.1007/s11894-022-00844-7
  33. Ballard HA, Hajduk J, Cheon EC, King MR, Barsuk JH  Clinical and demographic factors associated with pediatric difficult intravenous access in the operating room.  Paediatr Anaesth  2022 Jul;32(7):792-800. doi:10.1111/pan.14438
  34. Bradley S, Lindquist LA, Jones EM, Rowe TA, O'Brien KT, Dobschuetz D, Argento AC, Mitra DL, Leonard C, Cohen ER  et al.  Development and evaluation of a simulation-based mastery learning maintenance of certification course.  Gerontol Geriatr Educ  2022;43(3):397-406. doi:10.1080/02701960.2021.1891417
  35. Adler M, Kshetrapal A, Calhoun A  Convince Me! How a Well-Constructed Validity Argument Supports the Decisions We Make About Learners.  J Pediatr  2022 Jun;245:11-12. doi:10.1016/j.jpeds.2022.03.029
  36. Ballard HA  Gender Differences in Compensation.  Anesth Analg  2022 Apr 01;134(4):e21-e22. doi:10.1213/ANE.0000000000005913
  37. DiBiase JA, Ballard HA  Moving Toward Competency-Based Training.  Anesth Analg  2022 Feb 01;134(2):e6. doi:10.1213/ANE.0000000000005719
  38. Bradley SM, Heiman HL, Bierman JA, O'Brien K, Cohen ER, Wayne DB  A mastery learning approach to education about fall risk and gait assessment.  Gerontol Geriatr Educ  2022;43(1):84-91. doi:10.1080/02701960.2019.1651725
  39. McGaghie WC, Adams WH, Cohen ER, Wayne DB, Barsuk JH  Psychometric Validation of Central Venous Catheter Insertion Mastery Learning Checklist Data and Decisions.  Simul Healthc  2021 Dec 01;16(6):378-385. doi:10.1097/SIH.0000000000000516
  40. Cameron KA, Cohen ER, Hertz JR, Wayne DB, Mitra D, Barsuk JH  Barriers and Facilitators to Central Venous Catheter Insertion: A Qualitative Study.  J Patient Saf  2021 Dec 01;17(8):e1296-e1306. doi:10.1097/PTS.0000000000000477
  41. Issa N, Liddy WE, Samant S, Conley DB, Kern RC, Hungness ES, Cohen ER, Barsuk JH  Effectiveness of a simulation-based mastery learning to train clinicians on a novel cricothyrotomy procedure at an academic medical centre during a pandemic: a quasi-experimental cohort study.  BMJ Open  2021 Nov 19;11(11):e054746. pii:e054746
  42. Patel RV, Barsuk JH, Cohen ER, Wani SB, Rastogi A, McGaghie WC, Wayne DB, Keswani RN, Komanduri S  Simulation-based training improves polypectomy skills among practicing endoscopists.  Endosc Int Open  2021 Nov;9(11):E1633-E1639. doi:10.1055/a-1525-5620
  43. Holmstrom AL, Campagna RJ, Carlson DA, Pandolfino JE, Soper NJ, Hungness ES, Teitelbaum EN  Comparison of preoperative, intraoperative, and follow-up functional luminal imaging probe measurements in patients undergoing myotomy for achalasia.  Gastrointest Endosc  2021 Sep;94(3):509-514. doi:10.1016/j.gie.2021.02.031
  44. Campagna RAJ, Belette AM, Holmstrom AL, Halverson AL, Santos BF, Hungness ES, Teitelbaum EN  Addressing the gap in laparoscopic common bile duct exploration training for rural surgeons: imparting procedural ability is not enough.  Surg Endosc  2021 Sep;35(9):5140-5146. doi:10.1007/s00464-020-08003-7
  45. Davis EM, Feinsmith S, Amick AE, Sell J, McDonald V, Trinquero P, Moore A, Gappmaier V, Colton K, Cunningham A  et al.  Difficult intravenous access in the emergency department: Performance and impact of ultrasound-guided IV insertion performed by nurses.  Am J Emerg Med  2021 Aug;46:539-544. doi:10.1016/j.ajem.2020.11.013
  46. Yuce TK, Holmstrom A, Soper NJ, Nagle AP, Hungness ES, Merkow RP, Teitelbaum EN  Complications and Readmissions Associated with First Assistant Training Level Following Elective Bariatric Surgery.  J Gastrointest Surg  2021 Aug;25(8):1948-1954. doi:10.1007/s11605-020-04787-0
  47. Papanagnou D, Klein MR, Zhang XC, Cameron KA, Doty A, McCarthy DM, Rising KL, Salzman DH  Developing standardized patient-based cases for communication training: lessons learned from training residents to communicate diagnostic uncertainty.  Adv Simul (Lond)  2021 Jul 22;6(1):26. pii:26
  48. Ballard HA, Burjek NE  Use of normosol and Plasma-Lyte for pediatric liver transplants.  Paediatr Anaesth  2021 Jul;31(7):830. doi:10.1111/pan.14198
  49. Klein MR, Schmitz ZP, Adler MD, Salzman DH  Development of a Rigorously Designed Procedural Checklist for Assessment of Emergency Medicine Resident Performance of Temporary Transvenous Cardiac Pacing.  AEM Educ Train  2021 Jul;5(3):e10566. pii:e10566
  50. Wayne DB, Cohen ER, McGaghie WC  Letter to the Editor in Response to: Early Skill Decay After Paracentesis Training.  J Gen Intern Med  2021 Jun;36(6):1794. doi:10.1007/s11606-021-06720-w

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