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Northwestern Simulation is one of the world-leading research groups in medical simulation. Learn more about our work by exploring our book and journal publications below.


MLIHPE_cover.jpg Comprehensive Healthcare Simulation: Mastery Learning in Health Professions Education (2020) is a signature achievement by the Northwestern Simulation team. The book summarizes the body of mastery learning education and research performed by Northwestern scholars over the past 15 years. The book begins with a critique of traditional clinical education including its origins, methods and uneven learning outcomes. The next section covers the mastery learning model and its operational features, including curriculum development, instruction based on deliberate practice, learner assessment, standard setting, implementation and management, feedback and faculty development. The next six chapters address mastery learning in action, case studies on mastery learning of such basic clinical skills as end-of-life communication, teamwork, surgical skills, bedside procedures, clinical emergencies and readiness for residency. A chapter on translation of mastery learning outcomes acquired in the simulation laboratory to actual patient care practices and downstream patient outcomes speaks to key aspirational goals of clinical education. The book concludes with five chapters that map “The Road Ahead” for simulation-based mastery learning: milestones and entrustable professional activities, continuing professional education, return on investment, educational policy consequences, and opportunities and challenges. Health professions educators worldwide will find this book informative, engaging and full of practical examples that show how to make mastery learning come alive in clinical settings.

Recent Journal Publications

  1. Koenig P, Patel S, McGaghie WC  Tomographic Plane Visualization (ToPlaV); a Tool to Enhance Echocardiographic Training.  Pediatr Cardiol  2023 May 16;. doi:10.1007/s00246-023-03168-z
  2. Triggs JR, Krogh K, Simon V, Krause A, Kaplan JB, Yang GY, Wani S, Kahrilas PJ, Pandolfino J, Komanduri S  Novel histologic score predicts recurrent intestinal metaplasia after successful endoscopic eradication therapy.  Dis Esophagus  2023 Apr 29;36(5). pii:doac078
  3. Khashab MA, Muthusamy VR, Akshintala VS, Kothari S, Sethi A, Rastogi A, Palmisano DJ, Zhang LY, Hess MR, Rashba K  et al.  Best live endoscopy practices: an ASGE white paper.  Gastrointest Endosc  2023 Mar;97(3):383-393.e3. doi:10.1016/j.gie.2022.09.012
  4. Hopkins K, Mannarino C, Adler M, Chaouki S, Forbess L, Carr M, McBride ME  Development and Implementation of a Novel Curriculum for Emergent Management of Adults with Congenital Heart Disease.  Pediatr Cardiol  2023 Mar;44(3):656-662. doi:10.1007/s00246-022-02991-0
  5. Koenig P, Patel S, Cohen ER, Hauck A, Husain N, McGaghie WC  Simulation Based Mastery Learning of Transesophageal Echocardiography.  Pediatr Cardiol  2023 Mar;44(3):572-578. doi:10.1007/s00246-022-02950-9
  6. Barsuk JH, Mitra D, Cohen ER, Wayne DB  Necessity of Pretests in Central Venous Catheter Insertion Simulation-based Mastery Learning: A Randomized Controlled Trial.  Acad Med  2023 Feb 10;. doi:10.1097/ACM.0000000000005170
  7. Komanduri S, Sethi A, Muthusamy VR  Future Implications of Innovation in Gastroenterology for Clinical Practice: A Call to Action.  Am J Gastroenterol  2023 Feb 09;. doi:10.14309/ajg.0000000000002194
  8. Shah ED, Sethi A, Thaker AM, Schulman AR, Guha S, Samarasena J, Mathews S, Komanduri S  2022 American Gastroenterological Association-Center for Gastrointestinal Innovation and Technology Tech Summit.  Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol  2023 Feb;21(2):245-249. doi:10.1016/j.cgh.2022.08.045
  9. Beveridge CA, Mittal C, Muthusamy VR, Rastogi A, Kushnir V, Wood M, Wani S, Komanduri S  Identification of visible lesions during surveillance endoscopy for Barrett's esophagus: a video-based survey study.  Gastrointest Endosc  2023 Feb;97(2):241-247.e2. doi:10.1016/j.gie.2022.08.024
  10. Klein MR, Schmitz ZP, Adler MD, Salzman DH  Simulation-based Mastery Learning Improves Emergency Medicine Residents' Ability to Perform Temporary Transvenous Cardiac Pacing.  West J Emerg Med  2022 Dec 28;24(1):43-49. doi:10.5811/westjem.2022.10.57773
  11. Reiter AJ, Farina DA, Fronza JS, Komanduri S  Magnetic sphincter augmentation: considerations for use in Barrett's esophagus.  Dis Esophagus  2022 Dec 27;. pii:doac096
  12. Muthusamy VR, Wani S, Gyawali CP, Komanduri S,   AGA Clinical Practice Update on New Technology and Innovation for Surveillance and Screening in Barrett's Esophagus: Expert Review.  Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol  2022 Dec;20(12):2696-2706.e1. doi:10.1016/j.cgh.2022.06.003
  13. Harap RS, Cameron KA, Cohen ER, Grady KL, Wilcox JE, Scholtens DM, Barsuk JH  Ventricular Assist Device Self-care Education at Tertiary Care Medical Centers.  ASAIO J  2022 Nov 01;68(11):1346-1351. doi:10.1097/MAT.0000000000001673
  14. Cooper DS, Hill KD, Krishnamurthy G, Sen S, Costello JM, Lehenbauer D, Twite M, James L, Mah KE, Taylor C  et al.  Acute Cardiac Care for Neonatal Heart Disease.  Pediatrics  2022 Nov 01;150(Suppl 2). pii:e2022056415J
  15. Yuce TK, Teitelbaum EN  Preoperative Workup of Patients with Paraesophageal Hernias: Every Test for Every Patient?  J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A  2022 Nov;32(11):1156-1160. doi:10.1089/lap.2022.0403
  16. Komanduri S, Wani S, Muthusamy VR  Reply.  Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol  2022 Oct 15;. pii:S1542-3565(22)00963-6
  17. Komanduri S, Dominitz JA, Rabeneck L, Kahi C, Ladabaum U, Imperiale TF, Byrne MF, Lee JK, Lieberman D, Wang AY  et al.  AGA White Paper: Challenges and Gaps in Innovation for the Performance of Colonoscopy for Screening and Surveillance of Colorectal Cancer.  Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol  2022 Oct;20(10):2198-2209.e3. doi:10.1016/j.cgh.2022.03.051
  18. McGaghie WC, Barsuk JH, Wayne DB  Point-of-Care Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Training and Survival With Favorable Neurologic Outcome in Cardiac Arrest in Pediatric ICUs.  JAMA  2022 Aug 02;328(5):479. doi:10.1001/jama.2022.9473
  19. Bass RB, Teitelbaum EN  Novel advances in surgery for Gallstone Disease.  Curr Gastroenterol Rep  2022 Jul;24(7):89-98. doi:10.1007/s11894-022-00844-7
  20. Ballard HA, Hajduk J, Cheon EC, King MR, Barsuk JH  Clinical and demographic factors associated with pediatric difficult intravenous access in the operating room.  Paediatr Anaesth  2022 Jul;32(7):792-800. doi:10.1111/pan.14438
  21. Bradley S, Lindquist LA, Jones EM, Rowe TA, O'Brien KT, Dobschuetz D, Argento AC, Mitra DL, Leonard C, Cohen ER  et al.  Development and evaluation of a simulation-based mastery learning maintenance of certification course.  Gerontol Geriatr Educ  2022;43(3):397-406. doi:10.1080/02701960.2021.1891417
  22. Adler M, Kshetrapal A, Calhoun A  Convince Me! How a Well-Constructed Validity Argument Supports the Decisions We Make About Learners.  J Pediatr  2022 Jun;245:11-12. doi:10.1016/j.jpeds.2022.03.029
  23. Amick AE, Feinsmith SE, Sell J, Davis EM, Wayne DB, Feinglass J, Barsuk JH  Ultrasound-Guided Peripheral Intravenous Catheter Insertion Training Reduces Use of Midline Catheters in Hospitalized Patients With Difficult Intravenous Access.  J Patient Saf  2022 Apr 01;18(3):e697-e703. doi:10.1097/PTS.0000000000000910
  24. Amick AE, Feinsmith SE, Davis EM, Sell J, Macdonald V, Trinquero P, Moore AG, Gappmeier V, Colton K, Cunningham A  et al.  Simulation-Based Mastery Learning Improves Ultrasound-Guided Peripheral Intravenous Catheter Insertion Skills of Practicing Nurses.  Simul Healthc  2022 Feb 01;17(1):7-14. doi:10.1097/SIH.0000000000000545
  25. Bradley SM, Heiman HL, Bierman JA, O'Brien K, Cohen ER, Wayne DB  A mastery learning approach to education about fall risk and gait assessment.  Gerontol Geriatr Educ  2022;43(1):84-91. doi:10.1080/02701960.2019.1651725
  26. McGaghie WC, Adams WH, Cohen ER, Wayne DB, Barsuk JH  Psychometric Validation of Central Venous Catheter Insertion Mastery Learning Checklist Data and Decisions.  Simul Healthc  2021 Dec 01;16(6):378-385. doi:10.1097/SIH.0000000000000516
  27. Cameron KA, Cohen ER, Hertz JR, Wayne DB, Mitra D, Barsuk JH  Barriers and Facilitators to Central Venous Catheter Insertion: A Qualitative Study.  J Patient Saf  2021 Dec 01;17(8):e1296-e1306. doi:10.1097/PTS.0000000000000477
  28. Issa N, Liddy WE, Samant S, Conley DB, Kern RC, Hungness ES, Cohen ER, Barsuk JH  Effectiveness of a simulation-based mastery learning to train clinicians on a novel cricothyrotomy procedure at an academic medical centre during a pandemic: a quasi-experimental cohort study.  BMJ Open  2021 Nov 19;11(11):e054746. pii:e054746
  29. Patel RV, Barsuk JH, Cohen ER, Wani SB, Rastogi A, McGaghie WC, Wayne DB, Keswani RN, Komanduri S  Simulation-based training improves polypectomy skills among practicing endoscopists.  Endosc Int Open  2021 Nov;9(11):E1633-E1639. doi:10.1055/a-1525-5620
  30. Feinsmith SE, Amick AE, Feinglass JM, Sell J, Davis EM, Spencer TR, Koepke L, Pastoral J, Wayne DB, Barsuk JH  Performance of peripheral catheters inserted with ultrasound guidance versus landmark technique after a simulation-based mastery learning intervention.  J Vasc Access  2021 Sep 15;:11297298211044363. doi:10.1177/11297298211044363
  31. Holmstrom AL, Campagna RJ, Carlson DA, Pandolfino JE, Soper NJ, Hungness ES, Teitelbaum EN  Comparison of preoperative, intraoperative, and follow-up functional luminal imaging probe measurements in patients undergoing myotomy for achalasia.  Gastrointest Endosc  2021 Sep;94(3):509-514. doi:10.1016/j.gie.2021.02.031
  32. Campagna RAJ, Belette AM, Holmstrom AL, Halverson AL, Santos BF, Hungness ES, Teitelbaum EN  Addressing the gap in laparoscopic common bile duct exploration training for rural surgeons: imparting procedural ability is not enough.  Surg Endosc  2021 Sep;35(9):5140-5146. doi:10.1007/s00464-020-08003-7
  33. Davis EM, Feinsmith S, Amick AE, Sell J, McDonald V, Trinquero P, Moore A, Gappmaier V, Colton K, Cunningham A  et al.  Difficult intravenous access in the emergency department: Performance and impact of ultrasound-guided IV insertion performed by nurses.  Am J Emerg Med  2021 Aug;46:539-544. doi:10.1016/j.ajem.2020.11.013
  34. Yuce TK, Holmstrom A, Soper NJ, Nagle AP, Hungness ES, Merkow RP, Teitelbaum EN  Complications and Readmissions Associated with First Assistant Training Level Following Elective Bariatric Surgery.  J Gastrointest Surg  2021 Aug;25(8):1948-1954. doi:10.1007/s11605-020-04787-0
  35. Papanagnou D, Klein MR, Zhang XC, Cameron KA, Doty A, McCarthy DM, Rising KL, Salzman DH  Developing standardized patient-based cases for communication training: lessons learned from training residents to communicate diagnostic uncertainty.  Adv Simul (Lond)  2021 Jul 22;6(1):26. pii:26
  36. Klein MR, Schmitz ZP, Adler MD, Salzman DH  Development of a Rigorously Designed Procedural Checklist for Assessment of Emergency Medicine Resident Performance of Temporary Transvenous Cardiac Pacing.  AEM Educ Train  2021 Jul;5(3):e10566. pii:e10566
  37. Wayne DB, Cohen ER, McGaghie WC  Letter to the Editor in Response to: Early Skill Decay After Paracentesis Training.  J Gen Intern Med  2021 Jun;36(6):1794. doi:10.1007/s11606-021-06720-w
  38. Holmstrom AL, Campagna RAJ, Alhalel J, Carlson DA, Pandolfino JE, Hungness ES, Teitelbaum EN  Intraoperative FLIP distensibility during POEM varies according to achalasia subtype.  Surg Endosc  2021 Jun;35(6):3097-3103. doi:10.1007/s00464-020-07740-z
  39. Griswold S, Uchida T, Issenberg SB, Motola I, McGaghie WC, Gisondi MA, Lorenz A, Barsuk JH  Ethical imperative of psychological safety in healthcare: in response to the Manifesto for healthcare simulation practice.  BMJ Simul Technol Enhanc Learn  2021;7(5):457-458. doi:10.1136/bmjstel-2021-000889
  40. Mikhaeil-Demo Y, Holmboe E, Gerard EE, Wayne DB, Cohen ER, Yamazaki K, Templer JW, Bega D, Culler GW, Bhatt AB  et al.  Simulation-Based Assessments and Graduating Neurology Residents' Milestones: Status Epilepticus Milestones.  J Grad Med Educ  2021 Apr;13(2):223-230. doi:10.4300/JGME-D-20-00832.1
  41. Barsuk JH, Cohen ER, Cameron KA, Grady KL, Wilcox JE, Shanklin KB, Harap RS, Nonog GP, Wayne DB  Short-term Retention of Patient and Caregiver Ventricular Assist Device Self-care Skills after Simulation-based Mastery Learning.  Clin Simul Nurs  2021 Apr;53:1-9. doi:10.1016/j.ecns.2021.01.004
  42. Choudhury TA, Flyer JN, McBride ME  Simulation as an Educational Tool in the Pediatric Cardiac Intensive Care Unit.  Curr Pediatr Rep  2021;9(3):52-59. doi:10.1007/s40124-021-00241-0
  43. Schroedl CJ, Frogameni A, Barsuk JH, Cohen ER, Sivarajan L, Wayne DB  Impact of Simulation-based Mastery Learning on Resident Skill Managing Mechanical Ventilators.  ATS Sch  2020 Dec 23;2(1):34-48. doi:10.34197/ats-scholar.2020-0023OC
  44. Mannarino CN, Michelson K, Jackson L, Paquette E, McBride ME  Post-operative discharge education for parent caregivers of children with congenital heart disease: a needs assessment.  Cardiol Young  2020 Dec;30(12):1788-1796. doi:10.1017/S1047951120002759
  45. Ballard HA, Tsao M, Robles A, Phillips M, Hajduk J, Feinglass J, Barsuk JH  Use of a simulation-based mastery learning curriculum to improve ultrasound-guided vascular access skills of pediatric anesthesiologists.  Paediatr Anaesth  2020 Nov;30(11):1204-1210. doi:10.1111/pan.13953
  46. McGaghie WC, Schroedl C, Wayne DB, Barsuk JH  Mastery Learning in Critical Care.  ATS Sch  2020 Oct 23;2(1):142-143. doi:10.34197/ats-scholar.2020-0121LE
  47. Chan MW, Eppich WJ  The Keyword Effect: A Grounded Theory Study Exploring the Role of Keywords in Clinical Communication.  AEM Educ Train  2020 Oct;4(4):403-410. doi:10.1002/aet2.10424
  48. Wani S, Han S, Kushnir V, Early D, Mullady D, Hammad H, Brauer B, Thaker A, Simon V, Ezekwe E  et al.  Recurrence Is Rare Following Complete Eradication of Intestinal Metaplasia in Patients With Barrett's Esophagus and Peaks at 18 Months.  Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol  2020 Oct;18(11):2609-2617.e2. doi:10.1016/j.cgh.2020.01.019
  49. Miller DT, Zaidi HQ, Sista P, Dhake SS, Pirotte MJ, Fant AL, Salzman DH  Creation and Implementation of a Mastery Learning Curriculum for Emergency Department Thoracotomy.  West J Emerg Med  2020 Aug 24;21(5):1258-1265. doi:10.5811/westjem.2020.5.46207
  50. Issa N, Liddy WE, Samant S, Conley DB, Kern RC, Hungness ES, Barsuk JH  Emergency cricothyrotomy during the COVID-19 pandemic: how to suppress aerosolization.  Trauma Surg Acute Care Open  2020;5(1):e000542. pii:e000542

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