Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine
Institute for Public Health and Medicine

Population Health Forum Posters

Stevens-Johnson Syndrome in a Neonate Exposed to a Human Immunodeficiency Virus

  • Presenting Author(s):  Daniel Schlessinger
  • Description:  na

Assessing Surgical Need and Capacity in Battmabang, Cambodia

  • Presenting Author(s):  John Sincavage, Carly Loveland
  • Description:  na

Improving Maternal Health in Oaxaca Through Interactive Workshop and Bidirectional Learning with Local Midwives

  • Presenting Author(s):  Lia Benes
  • Description:  na

Medicare Market Access and Expansion for Erie Family Health Centers

  • Presenting Author(s):  Melissa Querrey, Andrew Furman, Sahil Sanghani
  • Description:  na

Evaluating the effects of maternal prenatal stress on fetal growth patterns and birth outcomes in Soweto, South Africa

  • Presenting Author(s):  Andrew Wooyoung Kim
  • Description:  na

Applying an implementation science framework to understand improvement in neonatal mortality in Senegal

  • Presenting Author(s):  Zaira Gasanova
  • Description:  na

Capturing peri-operative data in low- and middle-income countries

  • Presenting Author(s):  Jonathan Vacek
  • Description:  na

Improving Healthcare for Recently Released Detainees: Process Development at ACCESS Patient-Centered Medical Home

  • Presenting Author(s):  Srikanth Reddy, Ryan Schusler, Ben Peipert, Shivani Baisiwala, Andrew Furman
  • Description:  na

An Overview of Current Spontaneous Intracerebral Hemorrhage Incidence and Mortality in India

  • Presenting Author(s):  Hannah Weiss
  • Description:  na

Sulabh International: An Organization for Public Health and Social Change in India

  • Presenting Author(s):  Natalie Colaneri
  • Description:  na

Long-term outcomes of chronic hepatitis B virus infection after antiviral therapy initiation in Tanzania

  • Presenting Author(s):  Brendan Mullen
  • Description:  na

Field Experiences in Uttarakhand

  • Presenting Author(s):  Maggie Locke, Brendan Mullen, Jennifer Li, Kassandra Samuel
  • Description:  na

Enhancing Health Knowledge in Informal Settlements: The Effects of Health Education in Lagos, Nigeria

  • Presenting Author(s):  Daniel Liu
  • Description:  na

Mixed-Methods Approach in Measuring Depression as an Impact of Agroecological Interventions in Singida, Tanzania

  • Presenting Author(s):  Hollyn Cetrone
  • Description:  na

Early Identification and Intervention of Autism Spectrum Disorder in rural Vietnam

  • Presenting Author(s):  Ryan Schusler / Anuj Chokshi Claire Fernandez Elizabeth Nguyen
  • Description:  na

The Culture around Abortion in Cordoba, Argentina

  • Presenting Author(s):  Simran Chadha
  • Description:  na

Situational Analysis of Palliative Care in Bolivia

  • Presenting Author(s):  Jonathan Alhalel / Jon Judkins
  • Description:  na

Finding Peace and Meaning at the End of Life: A Qualitative Study on Nepal's LGBTQ+ Disparities in Palliative/Hospice Care

  • Presenting Author(s):  Archit Baskaran
  • Description:  n/a

Characterizing the Extent of EHR Data Fragmentation Across 3 States

  • Presenting Author(s):  Farhad Ghamsari / Margaret Madden
  • Description:  This work reveals the widespread nature and impressive size of duplicate patient records across institutions. It further showed the great variability in storage practices, accuracy of data input, and availability of even simple data. This is the first study to undertake patient matching across state lines, and demonstrates high potential for impact of deduplication efforts inside and across institutions.

Perceptions of cancer knowledge and scientific research among ethno-culturally diverse college students.

  • Presenting Author(s):  Elena L. Navas-Nacher, PhD, MS / Manashi Dutta, BA Rut Ortiz, BA Moira Stuart, PhD
  • Description:  Cancer health perceptions (i.e., knowledge, attitudes and beliefs, KABs) constitute an important factor in an individual’s health behavior around cancer. Limited studies have focused on the perceptions of college students around cancer KABs and their association to interest in cancer and cancer-specific scientific research.
  • Funding:  National Cancer Institute, NIH
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Peanut Oral Food Challenge Results Relative to Skin Prick Test and Specific Immunoglobulin E Measurements

  • Presenting Author(s):  Omar Bushara is presenting (omar.bushara@northwestern.edu)
  • Description:  To test if a peanut allergy is outgrown, allergists conduct peanut challenges after conducting a skin prick test and/or blood test. Our findings indicate that less than 10% of patients failed peanut challenges and had negative skin prick tests/blood tests. This work is important as it will inform physicians on potential peanut challenge outcomes based on these diagnostic tests.
  • Funding:  Melchiorre Fund
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Development of a Partnership Brokering Database to Support Community-engaged Research Support

  • Presenting Author(s):  Grisel M. Robles-Schrader, Gina Curry, Josefina Serrato, Jen K. Brown, Keith A. Herzog
  • Description:  Relationships are at the center of community engaged work. REDCap has provided a format for CCH to systematically gather information about the relationships staff have cultivated with community groups and organizations. This tool facilitates the provision of programs and services that support community-academic research partnerships.
  • Funding:  NUCATS grant UL1TR001422
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A NOVEL MODEL OF US METROPOLITAN PEDIATRIC SURGEON DENSITY

  • Presenting Author(s):  Jonathan Vacek
  • Description:  New model for benchmarking pediatric surgeon density among metropolitan areas supports this metric as being normally distributed. This is a step in the right direction to objectively define the needed supply of pediatric surgeons for a metropolitan area.

Community academic dialogues influence on research–Stakeholder-Academic Resource Panels (ShARPs) evaluation results

  • Presenting Author(s):  Grisel M. Robles-Schrader, MPA, Josefina Serrato, BS, Roxane Padilla, BS, Michael Fagen, PhD, MPH
  • Description:  Increasing dialogues between research teams and community stakeholders can improve research design and relevance. The importance of this work is that the ShARPs programs aims to increase dialogues between academics and the community. This can be especially important for research teams who are unsure of how to begin engaging stakeholders in research.
  • Funding:  NUCATS grant UL1TR000150
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Assessing barriers and enablers to physical activity participation among lung cancer survivors in the community

  • Presenting Author(s):  Sarah Mihalov
  • Description:  This study finds that lung cancer survivors are interested in engaging in physical activity. Their participation is restricted by multiple factors. These factors include cancer and treatment related side effects and lack of guidelines about physical activity specific to lung cancer survivors. This information is important for developing strategies to facilitate physical activity engagement in this population.
  • Funding:  ARCC
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County-Level Associations Between Sunlight, Temperature, and Cutaneous Melanoma Incidence in the US

  • Presenting Author(s):  Giancarlo Atassi
  • Description:  If temperature is independently associated with melanoma, we can expect to see a significant impact from climate change on global incidence rates. Dermatologists will need to factor that into prevention and screening, as well as preparing physicians and healthcare systems in areas that are traditionally less experienced with skin cancers but may experience increased rates along with changing temperatures.

Collaborative Care for Patients with Serious Mental Illness in a Transitional Care Setting

  • Presenting Author(s):  Sarah Bendix, MSW (NMG-Transitional Care), Joe Feinglass, PhD (NU Research Professor of Medicine in the Division of General Internal Medicine and Geriatrics), Jeff Rado, MD, MPH (NMG-Transitional Care and Department of Psychiatry, Associate Professor of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences and Medicine in the Feinberg School of Medicine), Angie Rogers, MSN, MPH (NMG-Transitional Care)
  • Description:  This study pilots a new model to meet the medical and psychiatric needs of patients with serious mental illness who have been discharged from the hospital and have no regular care. This multidisciplinary team approach has the potential to meet the needs of a vulnerable patient population while maximizing limited psychiatry resources.
  • Funding:  Funding support for this study includes the Ortho S.A. Sprague Memorial Institute and The Siragusa Family Foundation
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Hematology/Oncology Provider density and Cutaneous Melanoma Mortality

  • Presenting Author(s):  Kyle Tegtmeyer
  • Description:  Having more dermatologists in a given area is associated with better survival for melanoma patients, but the same is not true for having more hematology/oncology specialists. This may imply that earlier detection of melanoma (the job of dermatologists) is more beneficial to patients than having specialists to treat it (the job of Oncologists).

Improving an At-Risk Population’s Health: The Nexus of Quality Health Care Delivery and Health Outcomes

  • Presenting Author(s):  AG Palladino-Davis / Zachary C. Green Gurdeep Singh Nagi
  • Description:  While not all chronic conditions can be cured, greater efforts can improve the quality of life and limit the amount of medications a patient is reliant on to manage their disease. We aim to provide a more comprehensive patient education to bring the patients from a chronic managing state to as close to a healthy baseline as possible.

Parent Report of Physician Diagnosis in Pediatric Food Allergy: An Update

  • Presenting Author(s):  Avneet Chadha
  • Description:  Food allergies are a serious health concern that affect an estimated 8% of children in the US. However, children with convincing food allergies are often not receiving a proper diagnosis. These findings highlight current clinical practices and prompt the need to identify barriers of food allergy diagnosis to ensure the best care and management of these children.
  • Funding:  National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease (R21AI135702), Sean N Parker Center for Allergy and Asthma Research at Stanford University, Aimmune Therapeutics, and Denise and Dave Bunning
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Physician Diagnosis of Adult Food Allergy

  • Presenting Author(s):  Jialing Jiang
  • Description:  Food allergies are a serious health concern affecting an estimated 11% of adults in the US. However, adults with convincing food allergy are not frequently receiving physician diagnoses. This suggests a higher perceived burden of food allergy and may result in unnecessary food avoidance and impaired quality of life. Our findings highlight the need for proper food allergy diagnosis.
  • Funding:  National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease (R21AI135702), Sean N Parker Center for Allergy and Asthma Research at Stanford University, Aimmune Therapeutics, and Denise and Dave Bunning
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Ten Years of Community-Engaged Research Seed Grants: The return on investment and impact on communities and Northwestern

  • Presenting Author(s):  Gina Curry, Jen Brown, Sherida Morrison, Melvin Thompson, Amy Eisenstein, Svetlana Abramova, Laura Milstein, Veronica Tirado-Mercado
  • Description:  These grants support partnerships between research teams and communities impacted by the health issue being researched. Centering the voice and experience of community stakeholders in research helps to ensure that research findings will be relevant and more likely to lead to change.
  • Funding:  NUCATS/NMH
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The Prevalence of Eczema in Children with Food Allergy

  • Presenting Author(s):  Waheeda Samady
  • Description:  Food allergies are a serious health concern that affect an estimated 8% of children in the US. Our findings confirm past research and demonstrates that eczema and parental history of atopic comorbid conditions continues to have a strong association with the development of food allergy. These results are important in continuing to identify food allergy prevention strategies.
  • Funding:  National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease (R21AI135702), Sean N Parker Center for Allergy and Asthma Research at Stanford University, Aimmune Therapeutics, and Denise and Dave Bunning
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Egg Allergy in US Children

  • Presenting Author(s):  Waheeda Samady
  • Description:  Food allergies are a serious health concern that affect an estimated 8% of children in the US. Egg allergy is common among young children (<5 years) and has negative impacts on quality of life. These findings are important as they may inform clinical practices such as physician diagnosis of egg allergy which could significantly improve a patient's quality of life.
  • Funding:  National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease (R21AI135702), Sean N Parker Center for Allergy and Asthma Research at Stanford University, Aimmune Therapeutics, and Denise and Dave Bunning
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RMG Colon Cancer Screening Initiative

  • Presenting Author(s):  Julie McGuire
  • Description:  The importance of this work is that colon cancer is one of the most treatable cancers when caught early. A story we share is of a healthy 50-year-old, who was completely asymptomatic for colon cancer. She followed doctor’s recommendation to get her colonoscopy and Stage 1 colon cancer was found. Her early detection is leading to a favorable outcome.

Caregiver Quality of Life and Management Self-Efficacy in a Technology-Based Asthma Medication Monitoring Clinical Trial

  • Presenting Author(s):  Madeleine Kanaley
  • Description:  Asthma is a problem of epidemic proportions in Chicago with childhood prevalence and mortality rates above the national average. In an effort to improve asthma outcomes, children diagnosed with moderate to severe asthma were recruited from Chicago clinics to participate in a technology-based medication monitoring platform. Caregivers in the study were surveyed to assess asthma-related psychosocial outcomes.
  • Funding:  UnitedHealth Group and Thermo Fisher Scientific
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Community-Academic Partnerships to Reduce Cancer Inequities: The Chicago Health Equity Collaborative (ChicagoCHEC) Community Engagement Core

  • Presenting Author(s):  Aida Giachello / Magdalena Nava
  • Description:  The Community Engagement Core (CEC) is one of the key components aimed at establishing meaningful partnerships between the academic institutions and the community.
  • Funding:  NCI U54 ChicagoCHEC - Grant Numbers U54CA202995, U54CA202997, and U54CA203000
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Assessing Community views of the Chicago Cancer Health Equity Collaborative (ChicagoCHEC). Results of 2017-2018 In-depth face-to-face interviews.

  • Presenting Author(s):  Aida Giachello / Magdalena Nava
  • Description:  Community Engaged approach is one of the strategies that the ChicagoCHEC has used to addressing cancer health equity. This poster display selected results of the community-academic stakeholders’ views of the ChicagoCHEC work. The work emphasizes the importance of community input in any research project, and the need to design the research work addressing community expectations and meeting community needs.
  • Funding:  NCI U54 ChicagoCHEC - Grant Numbers U54CA202995, U54CA202997, and U54CA203000
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Team-Based Depression Screening to Advance Communication and Follow-up in Primary Care

  • Presenting Author(s):  Mary Grace Garcia
  • Description:  There is no standardized approach to conducting and communicating depression screening and follow up in primary care. The project's purpose was to design and apply a team-based approach to increase number of patients screened for depression without negatively impacting clinic flow and improve communication between Primary Care Providers (PCP) and Medical Assistants (MA).

Prevalence of Elevated Body Mass Index in Youth Age 9 to 19 Years Receiving Care at Community Health Centers

  • Presenting Author(s):  Roxane Padilla, BS, Nivedita Mohanty, MD, Michael Leo, Ph.D., Sandra Tilmon, MPH, Ehimare Akhabue, MD, Sarah S. Rittner, MA, Phillip Crawford, MS, May Okihiro, MD, / Stephen Persell MD, MPH
  • Description:  Understanding the differences between subpopulations of race and ethnicity in children and how this difference affects obesity can help better assist doctors in the way they treat and gather resources for these families.
  • Funding:  HRSA
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Impact of Team-Based Clinical Decision Support to Increase Influenza Immunization Compliance in a Large Medical Group Network

  • Presenting Author(s):  Banu Yagci
  • Description:  Influenza vaccination is the most effective method for preventing influenza virus infection and related complications. As Northwestern Medicine, we enhanced our clinical decision support tool for providers and implemented a clinical decision support tool for clinical support staff to start the vaccination process for patients and also collect outside vaccine information and patient refusals with one-click of a button.

Pastors 4 PCOR: Engaging Faith Based Communities

  • Presenting Author(s):  Dr Paris Davis / Dr Diana Ingram Regina Greer-Smith Bishop Simon Gordon
  • Description:  P4P is a grassroots partnership of faith based communities with the mission to increase the participation of underserved communities of color in comparative effectiveness research and patient-centered outcomes research. P4P trains faith based ambassadors in the skills of surveying their communities.
  • Funding:  Acknowledgements Research reported in this poster was funded through a Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI) Award (3341-NWU). The statements presented in this poster are solely the responsibility of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent the views of the Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI), its Board of Governors or Methodology Committee.
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Open Bottles Broken Policies

  • Presenting Author(s):  Maria Degillo, Voices of Youth in Chicago Education / Juan Padilla, Voices of Youth in Chicago Education Ruby Ruiz, Voices of Youth in Chicago Education
  • Description:  Youth researchers found that underage alcohol use is often a way to cope with trauma and is normalized throughout their environment. Further, there is a serious need for more investment in mental health and behavioral health resources to address the root causes of underage alcohol use among Chicago youth.
  • Funding:  Strategic Prevention Framework - Partnerships for Success Catalogue of Federal Domestic Assistance No. 93.243, funded by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration through a grant administered by the Illinois Department of Human Services
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Developing Erie’s Engagement Strategy for Unengaged High-Risk Patients

  • Presenting Author(s):  Kaitlin Huennekens
  • Description:  Due to complex health and socioeconomic conditions, many patients require innovative engagement strategies and a dedicated team to build a strong relationship with their medical home. Increasing engagement with this population is key to improving quality of care, through communication, accessibility, and trust, and reducing cost, by decreasing emergency room visits and hospitalizations.

The Chicago Cancer Health Equity Collaborative: Advancing Health Equity in and around Chicago

  • Presenting Author(s):  Ana M. Reyes - medical student, Gabrielle Cooper - undergraduate student
  • Description:  The ChicagoCHEC partnership was established in 2015 in response to high cancer death rates in Illinois across all types of cancers. A further impetus was that the cancer death rates in low-income and/or predominately African American or Latino communities in Chicago are up to twice the national average.
  • Funding:  U54 grant from the NIH
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Quantifying the Impact of Adverse Social Conditions on Diabetes in America: A National Analysis of US Adults

  • Presenting Author(s):  Cyanna McGowan
  • Description:  By combining both health care with social and economic realities such as income and education, we may address issues that inhibit individuals from minimizing their risk of disease diagnosis that is not related to direct health care. Findings highlight the importance of addressing conditions outside of the health sector, in order to have the greatest impact on population health.

Applying Point of Care Testing to Reduce Disparities in Hemoglobin A1C Annual Testing within a Large Multi-Practice Medical Group

  • Presenting Author(s):  Gayle Kricke, PhD, MSW and Radhika Mehta, MPH
  • Description:  The findings are important given the importance of annual testing for guiding diabetes management and literature suggesting diabetes management may be an area of known disparities.

Adverse Childhood Experiences Education and Narrative Empathy Interventions Towards Building Trauma-Informed Communities

  • Presenting Author(s):  Melissa Palma
  • Description:  Building trauma-informed communities has three key ingredients: 1) Increased knowledge of the scientific theory of Adverse Childhood Experiences, 2) Solidarity and empathy-building with those who have experienced childhood trauma, and 3) Priming of positive community-driven mission and attitudes.

Comparative Cardiovascular Effectiveness of Six Antidiabetic Medications among Insured Adults with Type 2 Diabetes

  • Presenting Author(s):  Matthew O'Brien, Amisha Wallia, Andrew Cooper, Raymond Kang, Nicola Lancki, David Liss, Ronald Ackermann
  • Description:  We used data from a large population of patients with diabetes to test how all diabetes medications affect cardiovascular outcomes, including heart attacks, strokes, heart failure, and amputations.
  • Funding:  United HealthCare services
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Barriers and Enablers to Physical Activity Participation in Lung Cancer Survivors

  • Presenting Author(s):  Prakash Jayablan MD PhD (FSM, SRALab), Kathleen Boss (GCC), Julia Fram, Victoria Villaflor MD (FSM), Sarah Mihalov MD (SRALab, FSM)
  • Description:  Our study finds that people with lung cancer are not engaging in the recommended amounts of physical activity. The majority of participants are interested in an exercise program. Specific barriers, enablers, and preferences described in this study will be used to design a community based exercise program for lung cancer survivors.
  • Funding:  ARCC
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Comparison of Physical Activity Measures Derived from the Fitbit Flex and the ActiGraph GT3x+ in an Employee Population with Chronic Knee Symptoms

  • Presenting Author(s):  Pamela Semanik1 / Julia (Jungwha) Lee2 Christine Pellegrini3 Jing Song2 Dorothy Dunlop2  Rowland W. Chang2, 1Rush University College of Nursing, 2Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine,  3University of South Carolina School of Public Health
  • Description:  The importance of this work lies in the effort to find more economical measures of the very important health behavior of physical activity, so that larger segments of the population can be monitored with widely available technology.
  • Funding:  National Institute for Arthritis and Musculoskeletal Diseases: 1R21AR065054-01A1, P60 AR064464, P30AR072579, and CTSA Grant Number UL1TR001422
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Adverse Childhood Experiences Reported by Chicago High School Students and their Association with Health-Risk Behaviors and Poor Health Status in the 2017 Youth Risk Behavior Survey

  • Presenting Author(s):  Jacqueline Korpics
  • Description:  The results of this study emphasize the importance of both individual and public health interventions for adolescents exposed to adverse childhood experiences, as they are associated with increased health-risk behaviors and poor health status.

KARE: Korean American Alzheimer's Research and Education

  • Presenting Author(s):  Co-Authors / Yoon Tae Chong Ji Myong Kim Eunki Kim Inchul Choi Inhe Choi Fred Rademaker Darby Morhardt Although not an author, Taneka Jennings will participate in the poster presentation.
  • Description:  The barrier to adequate dementia care in the Korean American (KA) community includes a general non-acknowledgement of dementia and a prevalent stigma against the field of mental health. Dementia prevalence in the KA community is underreported and unknown. KARE, provided a successful education program on brain health and dementia for the KA community. Additional education is requested by participants.
  • Funding:  Retirement Research Foundation
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Evaluating MOC Credit as a Motivating Incentive for Engagement in a QI Project

  • Presenting Author(s):  Beth Copeland
  • Description:  Strong leadership in small practices is critical to implementing quality improvement strategies. By finding effective ways to motivate physician engagement in QI projects, strategies can successfully be implemented to increase the quality of care for patients.

Validating the MEDLINE®/PubMed® Health Disparities and Minority Health Search Strategy

  • Presenting Author(s):  Q. Eileen Wafford, MSt, MLIS, / Corinne H. Miller, MLIS, Linda C. O'Dwyer, MA, MSLIS
  • Description:  There has been a rise in search requests for studies related to health disparities. As librarians and informationists, we are encouraged to use validated search filters, however, there are no known projects that have validated the MEDLINE®/PubMed® Health Disparities and Minority Health Search Strategy ability to capture relevant records on health disparities.

An eHealth multiple behavior change intervention to prevent chronic disease risk among adolescents: Development and Study Protocol of the Health4Life Initiative

  • Presenting Author(s):  Cyanna McGowan
  • Description:  Once developed, Health4Life will be the first eHealth intervention to concurrently target six key lifestyle risk factors among adolescents. Early intervention is key to preventing or delaying engagement in risky behaviors prior to the onset of chronic disease.
  • Funding:  Paul Ramsay Foundation
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A Change of Heart: Outreach Outcomes of a Community-Based Cardiovascular Health Screening Program After Organizational Transition to Student Leadership

  • Presenting Author(s):  Jenna Stoehr
  • Description:  Keep Your Heart Healthy (KYHH) is a community-based program that promotes cardiovascular health by providing free blood pressure screenings and health counseling to participants from underserved populations. Its successful transition to medical student leadership and promising, preliminary participant outcomes encourages its expansion and establishes its status as a model for medical student public health outreach.
  • Funding:  IPHAM/NMH
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An Analysis of Practice Transformation: Identifying Challenges and Limiting Factors

  • Presenting Author(s):  Jingzhi Yu
  • Description:  Practice transformation is a healthcare delivery redesign process that reduces healthcare costs while improving care quality. We’re trying to identify the common challenges during practice transformation as well as the strategies to overcome these challenges in order to make these meetings more impactful to the practice, thus providing better care to their patients.

Illinois Perinatal Quality Collaborative: Working to improve health outcomes for moms and babies in Illinois

  • Presenting Author(s):  Patricia Ann Lee King, Danielle Young
  • Description:  ILPQC works to improve the health of moms and babies in Illinois by working with doctors, nurses, and other hospital staff to improve the way their hospitals provide care to pregnant women and newborn babies.
  • Funding:  DHS, IDPH, CDC, Pritzker Family Foundation
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Prevalence and Correlates of Food Allergy Among Medicaid-Enrolled U.S. Children

  • Presenting Author(s):  Lucy Bilaver
  • Description:  Medicaid-enrolled children face different barriers to managing FA compared to the U.S. population. This study sets a comprehensive baseline of FA prevalence among Medicaid-enrolled children. Recognizing the disparity in the proportions of physician-diagnosed FA between Medicaid-enrolled children and those in the general population is important for effective allocation of resources to U.S. sub-populations that face FA-related challenges.
  • Funding:  Thermo Fisher Scientific
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Measuring Indicators of Quality Care among Medicaid-Enrolled Children with Food Allergy

  • Presenting Author(s):  Lucy Bilaver
  • Description:  Medicaid-enrolled children face different barriers to managing FA compared to the U.S. population. This study examines the probability of children visiting an allergist or receiving an epinephrine prescription following an outpatient encounter or ED visit for FA. Addressing lack of access for Medicaid-enrolled children is important for allocation of resources to U.S. sub-populations that face FA-related challenges.
  • Funding:  Thermo Fisher Scientific
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Developing social media-based approaches to promote HIV testing and linkage to HIV care among high risk young men in Ibadan, Nigeria

  • Presenting Author(s):  Hadeis Safi, Sergio Tundo
  • Description:  Given the high rate of HIV among young men who have sex with men in Nigeria, this project seeks to design and test and intervention to promote HIV testing and linkage to HIV care using social media and community-based approaches to ultimately improve the health of this community.

Implementing resistance exercise to reduce frailty for older adult medicaid waiver recipients

  • Presenting Author(s):  Margaret Danilovich, PT, DPT, PhD, GCS / Laura Diaz Daniel Corcos Jody Ciolino Bill Healey Gail Huber
  • Description:  Exercise is not currently offered to older adults receiving long-term care services in their home through the Illinois Community Care Program. We developed a resistance exercise intervention to evaluate and determine the effects of resistance exercise to reduce frailty in homebound older adults.
  • Funding:  Retirement Research Foundation
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REACH to Faith 2.0: Building the Dementia Friendly Woodson Library

  • Presenting Author(s):  Melvin Thompson / Lynda Schoop Ariel Thomas Rebecca Johnson Darby Morhardt
  • Description:  African Americans are two to three times more likely to be diagnosed with dementia than white Americans and disproportionately receive less dementia care and education. This project brings city agencies, area research and academic institutions and community members together to transform the Woodson Library into the city’s first dementia friendly library and safe space for dementia education and resources.
  • Funding:  NU - ARCC
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Assessing Incidence and Geographic Distribution of Severe Falls among Pediatric Population Using Hospital Discharge Summaries

  • Presenting Author(s):  Jiancheng Ye
  • Description:  We used data visualization technics, all our results were easily understandable without background in population health even public health. Our study revealed certain geographies with higher rates of falls. This information can potentially help better manage pediatric populations residing in high-risk neighborhoods through augmentation of local resources for fall prevention by environmental modifications and focused education.

Parental Acculturation, Intergenerational Relationships, and Health of South Asians in the Mediators of Atherosclerosis in South Asians Living in America (MASALA) study.

  • Presenting Author(s):  Apoorva Ram; / Margaret Moran, MPH; Shinu Mammen, MPH; Swapna Dave, MPH, MBBS; Ankita Puri, PhD; Alka M. Kanaya, MD; and Namratha R. Kandula, MD, MPH Only Apoorva Ram and Swapna Dave would be present at the IPHAM conference.
  • Description:  In order to promote and create effective health behaviors in immigrant populations, we must study their sociocultural environments. Here, we examine the role of intergenerational relationships in health-related social support, focusing on how children affect their parents' diet and exercise.
  • Funding:  Grants: 5R01HL093009 and 1R01HL120725
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Breast Cancer Survivors' Preferences for mHealth Physical Activity Promotion Intervention Features

  • Presenting Author(s):  Payton Solk
  • Description:  BCS are a part of the population that is at an elevated risk of chronic conditions and compromised quality of life. PA can help reduce negative treatment-related effects, but few PA interventions are accessible to BCS. This study explored BCS preferences for technology features to promote PA to inform intervention development and, ultimately, improve quality of life for BCS.
  • Funding:  National Cancer Institute
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A unified health promotion program implementation framework for the Chicago Department of Public Health

  • Presenting Author(s):  Hooman Azad
  • Description:  A common set of recommendations for health promotion programs will encourage CDPH employees to consider the implications and effects of their programs on factors such as racial equity or health impact. By doing so, programs will be able to better assess ideal practices, using the tools that the framework provides to better serve all of Chicago’s residents.

Refugee and Immigrant Child Health Initiative (RICHI) at the Illinois Chapter, American Academy of Pediatrics (ICAAP)

  • Presenting Author(s):  Ayman Elmasri
  • Description:  Experts fear that federal policies will discourage immigrants from obtaining health services due to policies such as family separation and the expansion of the “public charge” clause. Many healthcare providers do not know how to navigate legal subtleties to ensure refugee and immigrant child health and safety. Many do not know how to perform medical forensic evaluations for refugees.

Examining the Impact of the Mothers and Babies Intervention on Parenting and Child Development

  • Presenting Author(s):  Cristina Barkowski, BA / Cindy Jimenez, BA Erin Ward, MSW Jaime Hamil, MPH Darius Tandon, PhD
  • Description:  The Mothers and Babies (MB) 1-on-1 Course is a postpartum depression intervention that provides pregnant women and new mothers with approaches to improve mood and stress management skills. It is designed for use in non-mental health settings by non-mental health providers to reach a broader population of families disproportionately affected by maternal and child mental health challenges.
  • Funding:  Illinois Children's Healthcare Foundation
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Implementation of patient navigation research models to reduce breast cancer disparities in Chicago

  • Presenting Author(s):  Melissa A. Simon / Laura S. Tom Julia Trosman Christine Weldon Ivy Leung Jered Pruitt Catherine O’Brian Dan Vicencio
  • Description:  Community-engaged strategies in combination with implementation science methods are keys for successful breast cancer patient navigation programs.
  • Funding:  R01CA163830
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Variability in Preoperative Clearance Tests among Healthy Patients undergoing TKR

  • Presenting Author(s):  Hassan Ghomrawi
  • Description:  We aimed to describe the current practice of tests used for preoperative clearance, and examine their association with postoperative patient outcomes. We used SPARCS, a New York statewide, all-payer database. We found wide variation exists in clearance tests. Lack of association with outcomes in healthy patients suggests potential overuse of some tests.

Quality of Systematic Reviews Comparing Conventional and Computer-Assisted Joint Arthroplasty

  • Presenting Author(s):  Mohamed Hasan, MBCHB, MPH1, Manrui Zhang, MPH, MSW2, Matthew Beal, MD3, Hassan M.K. Ghomrawi MPH, PHD1,4,5 / 1Center for Healthcare Studies, Institute of Public Health and Medicine, 2Department of Medical Social Sciences, 3Department of Orthopedic Surgery, 4Department of Surgery, 5Department of Pediatrics, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois.
  • Description:  Computer-assisted (CA) arthroplasty is increasingly utilized, and multiple systematic reviews (SRs) compared CA vs. conventional arthroplasty. SRs are at the top of the evidence hierarchy and should be of high quality. We evaluated the quality of these SRs. We found very low confidence in the results of those SRs, and thus clinicians should interpret their results with caution.

Chicago House Apprenticeship Program: Curriculum Development and Program Evaluation

  • Presenting Author(s):  Abbey Dallas
  • Description:  CHAP empowers people directly affected by HIV to be future leaders in public health. This six-week career development program directly addresses the social and economic factors that are contributing to health inequities by providing job readiness training and professional development. Through curriculum development and program evaluation, this project contributes to a more inclusive and equitable public health workforce.
  • Funding:  Gilead Sciences, Inc. and ViiV Healthcare
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Recruitment and Outreach of Chicagoland’s South Asian Community for a Randomized Lifestyle Intervention Study

  • Presenting Author(s):  Binoy Shah
  • Description:  Despite having an elevated risk for CVD and a rapidly growing population, SA are underrepresented in CV health research. Including people from diverse racial/ethnic backgrounds in health research is important to ensure prevention and treatment benefits for all groups.

What Are We Looking For: Frailty Scores Lacking Uniformity in Identifying Patients

  • Presenting Author(s):  Hannah Weiss
  • Description:  Before patients undergo surgery, they require optimization of their health. In trauma or emergency surgery there is no time for optimization, and therefore other quick methods must be done to assess the patient’s health. Many frailty scores have been established for this purpose, but we found that these different frailty measurements are identifying different individuals as frail.

What does self-esteem have to do with behavioral health among low-income youth in Chicago?

  • Presenting Author(s):  Sarah Bassett
  • Description:  Higher self-esteem in a sample of low-income African American adolescents was associated with lower rates of delinquency, lower levels of anxiety/depression, lower likelihood of crack/cocaine use, lower likelihood of risky sex, and increased rates of school engagement. These findings suggest that programs that promote high self–esteem may promote better behavioral health factors for African American adolescents.
  • Funding:  This research was supported by AHRQ grant T32HS000078, which funded Sarah Bassett.
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Trajectories of Sport or Recreational Activities over Eight Years and Associated Factors in Persons at Risk for Knee Osteoarthritis

  • Presenting Author(s):  Alison Chang
  • Description:  Among 1000 people at increased risk for knee osteoarthritis, we identified 4 distinct patterns of strenuous physical activity (e.g., jogging, swimming, and cycling) over 8 years. 50% reported zero hour/week; 30% reported 1-2 hours/week. Reducing body weight, knee pain, and depressive symptoms, and improving knee strength may potentially help continued participation in exercise, sport, or recreational activities.
  • Funding:  NIH/NIAMS R01 AR052918, R01 AR065473, P60 AR064464, P30 AR072579
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Accessing CAPriCORN’s Data and Network Resources

  • Presenting Author(s):  Kayla Jeter, BA; Charon Gladfelter, MPH; Katya Klyachko, PhD; Abel Kho, MD; and the CAPriCORN team
  • Description:  As a clinical data research network, CAPriCORN is involved in many local and national research studies that look at various health conditions with the goal of creating a way to achieve better, faster, and cheaper research to improving health outcomes and health equity.
  • Funding:  PCORI
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Caffeine in the diet: Country-level consumption and guidelines

  • Presenting Author(s):  Celine Reyes
  • Description:  There is increasing interest in the potential health consequences of intake of caffeine-containing beverages. Food-based dietary guidelines (FBDG) provide advice on healthy diets which are evidence-based and respond to a country’s public health and nutrition priorities. We sought to review how such knowledge and concern has been translated into FBDGs and within the context of what each country actually consumes.

Understanding the Role of a Coach in Mobile Health Interventions: Implications from a Thematic Analysis

  • Presenting Author(s):  Pamela Babington, Alyssa McBride
  • Description:  Mobile health interventions with the support of a coach have the potential to expand access to healthcare and improve self-management of chronic mental health conditions. By evaluating the user experience of working with a coach in a mobile intervention trial, we hope to understand how coaching can further enhance user engagement and improve outcomes.

Trajectories of Extensive Sitting and Associated Factors in Persons at High Risk for Knee Osteoarthritis

  • Presenting Author(s):  Julia (Jungwha) Lee1, Alison H Chang1, Orit Almagor1, Joan S Chmiel1, Karen W Hayes1, C Kent Kwoh2, Julie Szymaszek1, Leena Sharma1 / 1 Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL, 2 University of Arizona College of Medicine, Tucson, AZ
  • Description:  Too much sitting has been recognized as a major public health issue. It is important to examine whether there are distinct extensive sitting patterns over up to 8 years of follow-up, then to identify baseline demographic or clinical predictors for who belongs to each distinct extensive sitting patterns to develop interventions to reduce sitting behavior.
  • Funding:  This study was supported in part by grants from the National Institutes for Health: P30 AR072579, P60 AR064464, R01 AR065473 and UL1TR001422 (CTSA).
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Development and Prototyping of a Web-Based Clinical Trails Research Literacy Tool for Implementation in Chicago Public Library Branches

  • Presenting Author(s):  Marcie Kirschner
  • Description:  Our long-term goal is developing "a generalizable model for health system – public library partnerships to sustain and disseminate the tool to other settings."
  • Funding:  The National Library of Medicine
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Development of Interactive Online Clinician Education Tool to Reduce Surgical Opioid Prescribing

  • Presenting Author(s):  Meagan L. Shallcross, MPH (1); Barbara A. Buckley, RN, MS (2); Shelby Parilla, MPH (1); Willemijn L.A. Shäfer, PhD (1); Julie K. Johnson, MSPH, PhD (1); Karl Y. Bilimoria, MD, MS (1,2); Jonah J. Stulberg, MD, PhD, MPH (1,2) / Author Affiliations: 1. Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Surgical Outcomes and Quality Improvement Center, Chicago, IL 2. Northwestern Memorial Hospital, Chicago, IL
  • Description:  Opioids prescribed by surgical providers account for 10% of all opioid prescriptions filled each year, and seventy to ninety percent of the pills from these prescriptions go unused and are at high risk for being shared with nonmedical users. To address this public health crisis from a surgical education and prescribing angle, we developed interactive educational modules for clinicians.
  • Funding:  Pacira Pharmaceuticals
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Evaluating the Effect of Medicaid Expansion on Black/White Breast Cancer Mortality Disparities: A Difference-in-Difference Analysis

  • Presenting Author(s):  Jason Semprini
  • Description:  There was no evidence that Medicaid Expansion lowered the disparity between black and white breast cancer deaths. These results suggest that states cannot solely rely on access to insurance to alleviate inequalities in cancer and other chronic conditions. Instead, attention must be given to improving the quality of local health systems.
  • Funding:  Susan G. Komen ® GTDR16376189
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Implementing a Choosing Wisely® Physician Awareness Program in the NM West Region – Phase One

  • Presenting Author(s):  Mark Greg
  • Description:  The goals of this project is to help increase physician awareness of the need to decrease the prescribing and use of unnecessary and potentially harmful treatments and diagnostic procedures.
  • Funding:  NMPN
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Improving Referrals and First-Visit Attendance NMG Transitional Care

  • Presenting Author(s):  John Sincavage, Mitesh Mehta, Anna Radakrishnan
  • Description:  NMG-TC has been demonstrated to be effective at reducing hospital readmissions when compared to direct-to-medical home transfers, but low attendance rates at scheduled appointments continues to limit the model's impact. Because transitional care makes up a critical part of the United States’ health care safety net, maximization of the model’s impact would be an asset to population health.

Digitally-Connected, System-Wide Management of Tobacco Use in a Large Cancer Patient Population

  • Presenting Author(s):  Brian Hitsman
  • Description:  A major of patients with cancer continue to smoke cigarettes. A reduction in smoking among patients who receive their cancer treatment at the Robert H Lurie Comprehensive Cancer Center of Northwestern University could directly improve their cancer prognosis and cancer treatment outcomes.
  • Funding:  National Cancer Institute, Robert H. Lurie Comprehensive Cancer Center
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Creating a Health-Focused Home Inspection Checklist for Chicago’s Flexible Housing Subsidy Pool

  • Presenting Author(s):  Helen Gao
  • Description:  Chronically homeless individuals who are frequent users of healthcare and other services can benefit from a “housing first” approach to social services, resulting in better health outcomes. The creation of a health-focused housing inspection checklist can help ensure that supportive housing does not create new health conditions or exacerbate existing ones in this vulnerable population.

Picker's Nodule in the Setting of Opioid Abuse

  • Presenting Author(s):  Daniel Schlessinger
  • Description:  Excoriation disorder (ED) is a condition characterized by repetitive and compulsive picking of skin, leading to tissue damage. In severe cases, ED may cause picker's or prurigo nodules, as seen in this patient. By addressing the substance abuse, the large forehead lesions resolved rapidly. This demonstrates how dermatologists can use public health to treat psycho-dermatoses more effectively.

Investigating and Improving Transitions of Care at a Federally Quality Health Center via the Development of More Comprehensive Post-Discharge Patient Visit

  • Presenting Author(s):  Risha Shah
  • Description:  Transitions of care (TOC) typically refers to the movement of patients from a hospital setting to their out-patient clinic. Incredibly important, ineffective TOC processes can not only lead to worsening health, but it can also lead to higher costs. This is why designing efficient and innovative TOC models is necessary; it allows for better patient-centered care.

Assessing the use of an opioid contract in acute pain management: Patient – provider agreements to improve prescription opioid storage and disposal

  • Presenting Author(s):  Willemijn Schäfer
  • Description:  ‘Prescription opioids are often necessary for patients to manage pain, but have also contributed to the opioid crisis. Despite efforts to reduce the opioid supply, leftover pills remain the single most common method for nonmedical users to obtain prescription opioids. Reducing unused medications in the community is a necessary component of effective strategies for reducing misuse and abuse.’

Exploring the Impact of Social Determinants of Health on Pediatric Patient and Family Outcomes after Critical Illness

  • Presenting Author(s):  Espinoza, J., Pendergrast, T., Pei, E., Kilmer, J., Pachalla, S., & Derrington, S.
  • Description:  PICU survivors experience physical, psychological, and emotional issues, while their parents experience posttraumatic stress and other mental health impairments. We want to assess the impact of PICU hospitalization on patient quality of life (QOL), family functioning, and financial stability, and will explore how social determinants of health influence (SDOH) those outcomes.

A Needs Assessment of Reproductive Health for Young Women with Chronic Illness

  • Presenting Author(s):  Pendergrast, Tricia / Wellisch, Lawren Kuhns, Lisa Pei, Evonne
  • Description:  Teen pregnancy remains a significant public health issue in the United States. Teens with chronic health problems are no less likely to engage in sexual activity than their healthy peers. These patients are at increased need of counseling on the relationship between their medical conditions and their reproductive health.

Evaluation of a Care-Coordinated Diversion Program for Justice-Involved Youth

  • Presenting Author(s):  Ali Khan
  • Description:  Once a youth is arrested, he or she is more likely to be re-arrested. Our work is a coordinated effort between ten community organizations to address youth risk factors to re-arrest in the context of their home lives. We approach the first arrest like an emergency because further arrests leads to negative consequences for youth, their families, and society.

Care of Craniopagus Twins: Developing An International Craniopagus Registry

  • Presenting Author(s):  Jonathan Bacos
  • Description:  Many craniopagus twins are located in parts of the world where there is limited access to surgical care, and by improving the understanding of optimal treatment options for these patients, we will improve our ability to care for the populations affected and have a positive impact on global outreach for managing this condition.

Adapting the 6th Grade In-School Small Bites Curriculum at Common Threads

  • Presenting Author(s):  Anjani Sheth
  • Description:  Ideally, implementing this adapted nutrition education curriculum will increase engagement, education, and healthy eating behaviors of 6th grade students while simultaneously allowing medical students to practice communicating health topics in a clear and digestible manner.

Developing a Growth Strategy for HIV Treatment Through CHI+CARE

  • Presenting Author(s):  Shivani Baisiwala / Margaret Shyu John Sincavage
  • Description:  CHI+CARE plays an important role in connecting HIV-positive individuals to care. Lack of a core management team, institutional buy-in, and EMR-enabled patient identification currently limits the impact of the program. Second Opinions developed solutions for increasing referral volume. This would permit further growth and help a population in need.

The MONARCAS Community and Academic Collaborative Program

  • Presenting Author(s):  Karen Mancera-Cuevas / Patricia Canessa Joan Chmiel Elizabeth Hahn Anh Chung Daniel Erickson Rosalind Ramsey-Goldman
  • Description:  The “MONARCAS” program was developed to address health disparities in the Mexican Pilsen community in Chicago by raising awareness of lupus. The MONARCAS program utilizes a U.S. Centers for Disease Control (CDC)-adapted Popular Opinion Leader (POL) model to engage social networks, stakeholders, and communities about the significance of lupus through casual conversations by local opinion leaders.
  • Funding:  DHHS
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Implementing and Sustaining a Community Based Cancer Screening Intervention for Chicago’s Chinatown

  • Presenting Author(s):  Ivy S. Leung, Fei Wang, Laura S. Tom, Catherine A. O’Brian, Ann Yau, Jered Pruitt, Anita Fareeduddin, Daniel Vicencio, Melissa A. Simon
  • Description:  Community engagement, supported by a strong data infrastructure, is crucial to any successful long-term community-academic partnership that seeks to improve health outcomes among the population served. The Chinatown Patient Navigation Program data infrastructure serves as a viable model for other community-academic partnerships seeking to improve health outcomes and local health care systems.
  • Funding:  NCI (CA163830)
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Improving Primary Care Practice Facilitation with Success-Weighted Activity Networks (SWAN)

  • Presenting Author(s):  Jennifer Bannon / Nicholas Soulakis Sally Mei
  • Description:  Practice facilitation is becoming a new healthcare role to assist with quality improvement in patient communities as well as ambulatory care settings. It is useful to understand practice facilitation activities to determine if certain types of activities promote successful outcomes. Learning about these activities and their relationships can guide future practice facilitation in community settings.
  • Funding:  AHRQ
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Curbing the Opioid Crisis: Development and Dissemination of an Opioid Stewardship Toolkit through a 51 Hospital Collaborative

  • Presenting Author(s):  Shelby Parilla / Meagan Shallcross Lindsey Kreutzer Julie K. Johnson Anthony D. Yang Karl Y Bilimoria Jonah J Stulberg
  • Description:  According to the CDC, in 2016, approximately 89 people died daily from opioid overdose; 46 of those deaths were from prescription drug overdose. Through our website and Opioid Stewardship Toolkit, we are educating surgical providers on best practices, empowering quality improvement leaders to implement effective strategies to change practice and providing the tools necessary to curb the opioid crisis.
  • Funding:  PACIRA Pharmaceutical, Inc.
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Healthy Lifestyle Education to Prevent Obesity in Chicago Youth Program Students

  • Presenting Author(s):  Denise Monti
  • Description:  This work was completed with low-income African American children, who are at higher risk of obesity. Findings from this work demonstrate the need for education about healthy weight standards, ways to incorporate vegetables and fruits, as well as increasing access to healthy foods and physical activity programming to prevent obesity in youth in low-income areas of Chicago.

Strategies for Recruitment and Retention in a Randomized Control Trial with Pregnant Women At-Risk for Postpartum Depression

  • Presenting Author(s):  Aria Degillio / Dana Zakieh
  • Description:  Postpartum depression (PPD) effects 15-20% of mothers. Low-income women are at higher risk of developing PPD, yet have the least access to mental health treatment. Our research hopes to bridge the gap between the need for mental health services and availability in a transient, at-risk population.
  • Funding:  Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI)
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Predicting Physical Activity: Self-Efficacy and Physical Activity in an Encouragement Trial of Community-Based Lifestyle Intervention for Type 2 Diabetes

  • Presenting Author(s):  Claire Walker
  • Description:  87.5% of adults with diagnosed diabetes in the US are overweight and obese, and 40.8% are sedentary, which are risk factors for complications of diabetes. Thus, interventions to promote physical activity and weight loss are an important aspect of treatment for diabetes.

Community Health: Faith-Based Communities Prioritize Health Concerns

  • Presenting Author(s):  Rebecca Johnson, PhD / Diana Ingram, PhD, MPH Paris Davis, PhD, MBA Bishop Simon Gordon Other P4P Research Ministry Ambassadors
  • Description:  Historical mistrust resulting from evident racism, discrimination and bias is a key reason why underrepresented people and communities of color have negative perceptions of research, medical institutions, and researchers. The community led Pastors4PCOR team developed a Research Ministry Ambassador (RMAs) program to build the capacity of faith-based communities to engage as equitable partners in health-related initiatives and build trust.
  • Funding:  Eugene Washington PCORI Engagement Awardee
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Increasing student physical activity through enhanced physical education

  • Presenting Author(s):  Sarah Welch, MPH / Maryann Mason, PhD Gina Massuda Barnett, MPH Katherine Nickele, MPH Patricia Zavos, MPH Steven Seweryn, EdD Soyang Kwon, PhD
  • Description:  The work we did with schools in suburban Cook County is important because most children attend school. This means there is a great opportunity to have a positive effect on the health of children by improving health supports in schools. Enhanced Physical Education is one way to improve the health of children in schools by increasing physical activity.
  • Funding:  Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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Implementation & Analysis of Online Return to Learn Education

  • Presenting Author(s):  Adam Potteiger
  • Description:  We hypothesized that teachers would have greater representation for this course as recommended teacher/student ratio is 35:1 and school nurse/student ratio is 750:1. The RTL course was developed with teachers in mind but upon analysis, nurses were in the majority completing the course. Due to this finding, a new course was developed with increased rigor for educating school nurses.

Camp Well Program Evaluation: CLOCC

  • Presenting Author(s):  Andrew Clingerman
  • Description:  This was an important experience because it evaluated the effectiveness of a wellness program designed to improve the health of children in areas plagued by chronic disease. Chicago's children experience higher rates of chronic disease compared to the national average, and this program was an attempt to improve wellness standards in many domains of child health.

High Sun Exposure in Mid-Latitude Regions Improves Vitamin D Sufficiency Rates Only in Men with Low Skin Melanin Content: Implications for Sun Exposure and Supplementation Recommendations

  • Presenting Author(s):  Adrian Rosenberg
  • Description:  Physicians often recommend increased sun exposure for people at risk of vitamin D insufficiency. However, the clinical utility of this recommendation has not been established for people living in low UV regions nor for people of color, who naturally synthesize less vitamin D. Increased dietary or supplemental vitamin D intake may be a better solution for this population.
  • Funding:  U.S. Department of Defense Grant (W81XWH-10-1-0532), National Institute of Minority Health and Health Disparities (MD007105-01) and National Cancer Institute (P50CA090386)
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“Getting on the same page”: Using health interviews to improve communication between Medicaid Home and Community-based Services home care aides and clients

  • Presenting Author(s):  Dr Margaret Danilovich / Pauline Smith LillyBeth Rodriguez Bev Rogers Gustavo Saberbein Laura Diaz Lara Boyken
  • Description:  Home care aides (HCAs) assist clients with health management tasks, but often lack specific training in health communication. We developed a simple interview tool to facilitate communication with clients about person-centered care where clients sort cards within five health topics based on importance.
  • Funding:  Acknowledgements Research reported in this poster was funded through a Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI) Award (3341-NWU). The statements presented in this poster are solely the responsibility of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent the views of the Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI), its Board of Governors or Methodology Committee.
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Prescription Rates and Their Effect on the Opioid Overdose Death Rate: Implications of Pharmaceutical Financial Incentives

  • Presenting Author(s):  Michael Wang
  • Description:  Given the positive empirical relationship between incentives and prescribing and its role in overdose deaths, opioid-related mortality prevention should target pharmaceutical companies and the legal supply of opioids. In addition to gaining control of the prescription rate, resources for treatment and harm reduction targeted towards the most affected areas are likely necessary to end the opioid epidemic.

Sages in Every Setting

  • Presenting Author(s):  Virginia Hoch
  • Description:  This project demonstrated that individuals with dementia are capable of and motivated to complete a research training program and provide meaningful input to research design. These programs should be expanded to additional groups, so that more researchers can receive input that helps them best design research to improve health and quality of life for whom their studies are relevant.

Impact of Practice Facilitation in Primary Care on Chronic Disease Care Processes and Outcomes: a Systematic Review

  • Presenting Author(s):  Lauren Kadziel / Andrew Wang
  • Description:  Millions of individuals in the US have chronic disease, yet its care has been fragmented and poor. Chronic disease management has been challenging for doctors and patients alike. Having an individual who work with doctors and their practices may result in better health for their patients. This review shows that having individuals coined as practice facilitators lead to improve health.
  • Funding:  Agency for Healthcare Research (AHRQ) and Quality’s National Research Service Award Institutional Research T32 Training Grant HS000078/HS000084 (PI: Jane L Holl, MD, MPH), contract no. HHSA290201200019I and grant no. R18 HS023921.
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The Effects of the Social Determinants of Health and Health Insurance on Outcomes among Adults with Cardiovascular Disease

  • Presenting Author(s):  Andrew Wang
  • Description:  Having access to health care and seeking preventive care is vital to ensuring delayed mortality. However, your environment and your resources are major influences on your health, potentially even greater than other factors. Studying the interaction of the environment, the social determinants of health, and access to care through health insurance, and its influence on mortality is needed.
  • Funding:  Agency for Healthcare Research (AHRQ) and Quality’s National Research Service Award Institutional Research T32 Training Grant HS000078/HS000084 (PI: Jane L Holl, MD, MPH)
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A Qualitative Analysis of Provider Attitudes About and Experiences with Smoking Cessation

  • Presenting Author(s):  Ankitha Radakrishnan
  • Description:  All providers acknowledged the need for a more efficient and consistent smoking cessation intervention, recognizing that they stand at a critical inflection point in a patient’s journey. All agreed that a brief intervention can be successfully delivered and would be welcomed in their respective clinics. The findings from this research will inform the design of such an intervention.
  • Funding:  SOQIC
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Modifiable sleep-related risk factors in non-natural infant deaths

  • Presenting Author(s):  Anna Briker
  • Description:  Each year, approximately 3,500 infants in the United States die from sleep-related deaths. Disparities in death rates exist between different populations. Many of these deaths may be preventable. Understanding the patterns of risk factors in unexplained infant deaths is critical to addressing this problem, as this information can be used to target and evaluate prevention programs.
  • Funding:  Source: IVDRS, which is funded by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Grant Number 1U17CE001590-01, and the Illinois Department of Public Health, Grant Number A17-0191-001. Its contents are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official views of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Department of Health and Human Services or the Illinois Department of Public Health.
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Making the Case for Investing in Girls: Linking Family Planning Programs, Girls’ Education, and Women’s Economic Empowerment

  • Presenting Author(s):  Ho Chen
  • Description:  This study indicates that further policy focus be given to the importance of reducing fertility through family planning and improving gender equality contexts in education in the developing world...... (and) might provide insights on women’s economic empowerment strategies specific to countries of different levels of economic development.

Adolescent Firearm Homicide Deaths in Chicago, 2013-2017

  • Presenting Author(s):  Simran Chadha
  • Description:  This study uses state data to characterize the nature of youth gun violence in Chicago to answer the questions of who is impacted by this violence and how adolescent firearm deaths are changing in recent years. Insight on the true nature of these deaths will help inform targeted future policy to prevent exacerbations of this national firearm crisis.
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