Ward Building Room 8-090
303 E Chicago Avenue
Chicago IL 60611
Description of Interests
The ability of ciliated epithelia to generate directed fluid flow is an important aspect of diverse developmental and physiological processes including proper respiratory function. To achieve directed flow, ciliated cells must generate 100-200 cilia that are polarized along a common axis both within and between cells. My lab is currently working towards understanding the molecular mechanisms for how cell polarity is coordinated as well as how individual cilia interpret the cells polarity.
Centrioles are microtubule based structures with nine fold symmetry that are involved in both centrosome organization and aster formation during cell division. During the normal cell cycle centrioles duplicate once, generating a mother / daughter pair, and in most post-mitotic vertebrate cells the mother centriole then goes on to form the basal body of a sensory cilium. Abnormalities in the duplication of centrioles (and centrosomes) are prevalent in many cancers suggesting a link between centriole duplication and cancer progression. My laboratory is addressing this fundamental question in cell biology from a novel direction with the use of Xenopus motile ciliated cells. Ciliated cells are unique among vertebrate cells in that they naturally generate hundreds of centrioles therefore providing a great system for studying the regulation of centriole duplication. Understanding how nature has overcome the typically tight regulation of centriole duplication will lend insight into the molecular mechanisms of cancer progression.
Cancer Biology; Cell Biology; Cell Imaging; Developmental biology; Respiratory Diseases
View the Brian J Mitchell Northwestern Scholars profile.
Northwestern Scholars is a searchable database including faculty profiles, publications, and grant data from across all Northwestern University disciplines. It connects faculty members from all disciplines across Northwestern University to new research opportunities and collaborations at Northwestern.
Feinberg's institutes and centers facilitate collaboration on scientific problems, research, and educational initiatives. I am a member of the following institutes and centers:
Northwestern medical faculty can update their faculty profile any time and as often as they like using the web-based, secure platform. It is the responsibility of faculty members to add content and build a profile that reflects their contributions to Feinberg and their specialty.